History Meme: 01/- Today in HistoryThe Treaty of Jaffa: 2nd of September 1192

In June 1192 Crusaders under the command of Richard the Lionheart marched on to Jerusalem, but they were turned back. The Crusader efforts were seriously hampered by the Muslim’s leader Saladin's scorched-earth tactics, which denied the Crusaders food and water during their campaign. The Battle of Jaffa came soon after wards becoming a decisive encounter. The battle illustrated the determined spirit of Saladin and the courage and tactical skill of Richard. It ended up being the final battle of the Third Crusade and led Saladin to negotiate. The Treaty of Jaffa was signed on the 2nd of September in the year 1192 and had put an end to the hostilities of the Third Crusade. The negotiation was clever, Christian pilgrims were granted special rights of travel around Palestine and in Jerusalem. Richard had also managed to capture the cities of Daron, Jaffa, Acre, and Ascalon - an improvement over the situation when Richard first arrived, but not much of one. Although the Kingdom of Jerusalem was never large or secure, it was then still very weak and did not reach inland more than 10 miles at any point. Later in October 1192, King Richard returned home to England. The Third Crusade had ended.

Tue, 23rd of September    79 notes    Source

The Tigress of Forli.

Thu, 18th of September    393 notes    Source

a free woman in a man’s world. (x)

Thu, 18th of September    190 notes    Source

It is red, as a sign of the dignity of the order of cardinals, signifying that you are ready to act with fortitude. Red, as a sign that you are willing to spill your blood for the increase of the Christian faith, into which you have all been baptized. Benedicat vos omnipotens Deus, Pater, et Filius, et Spiritus Sanctus.

Thu, 18th of September    646 notes    Source


Happy birthday, Cesare Borgia! (b. 13 September 1475)

When all the actions of the duke are recalled, I do not know how to blame him, but rather it appears to me, as I have said, that I ought to offer him for imitation to all those who, by the fortune or the arms of others, are raised to government. Because he, having a lofty spirit and far-reaching aims, could not have regulated his conduct otherwise, and only the shortness of the life of Alexander and his own sickness frustrated his designs. Therefore, he who considers it necessary to secure himself in his new principality, to win friends, to overcome either by force or fraud, to make himself beloved and feared by the people, to be followed and revered by the soldiers, to exterminate those who have power or reason to hurt him, to change the old order of things for new, to be severe and gracious, magnanimous and liberal, to destroy a disloyal soldiery and to create new, to maintain friendship with kings and princes in such a way that they must help him with zeal and offend with caution, cannot find a more lively example than the actions of this man. Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince {x}

Thu, 18th of September    294 notes    Source

Rembrandt, Lucretia (1664)

Tue, 16th of September    3,022 notes    Source
amor vincit omnia
[ahh-mohr weeny-kit


(Latin) Love conquers all things. This is one of the few Latin phrases, over the centuries, which has been widely used enough to be included in the English language dictionary. 

  • Shortly before the start of the first millennium, the Roman poet Virgil wrote “love conquers all things; let us too surrender to Love.”The phrase and the concept (in Latin and in English) caught on: a character in Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, written in the late 1300s, wore a brooch engraved Amor Vincit Omnia; Caravaggio used the phrase as the title of his painting of Cupid in the early seventeenth century; the twentieth century poet Edgar Bowers reinterpreted the phrase all over again in the poem with that title.

(via womenlikeher)

Tue, 09th of September    640 notes    Source

One touch of your hand

Tue, 09th of September    172 notes    Source

JOHN COLLIER, a glass of wine with caesar borgia (1893) 

Tue, 02nd of September    32 notes    Source